Ask-a-Teacher: Why is there no GA in this sentence?
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Question to Teacher: Why is there no GA in this sentence?
Course 3 Lesson 6: Old Friends (Mini Conversations)
Post Date: 2017-03-04 15:26:02
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2015 Nov 10
In the last sentence of mini dialogue 3, there is no particle ga.
はい、がいこくじんの ともだちも います。
Why is this? Is it because the dialogue is in informal speech?
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JFZ Teacher (Kanako)
Post Date: 2017-03-10 05:39:56
2003 Mar 03
はい、がいこくじんの ともだちも います。(HAI. GAIKOKUJIN NO TOMODACHI MO IMASU)
= Yes. I also have foreign friends.
There is the particle も (MO), which means “also” and “too”, in the sentence.
The particle が (GA) is normally used to mark the animate thing (がいこくじんのともだち/foreign friends). However, when も is applied to the topic of the sentence, it takes the place of が completely.
うちにいぬがいます。ねこもいます。(UCHI NI INU GA IMASU. NEKO MO IMASU)
= I have a dog at home. I also have a cat.
あしたはテストがあります。しゅくだいもあります！(ASHITA WA TESUTO GA ARIMASU. SHUKUDAI MO ARIMASU!)
= I have a test tomorrow. I also have homework (to do)!